Seasonal Allergies in the Spring and How to Combat your Asthma
If you seem to always be sniffling and sneezing in the spring, it may be seasonal allergies. Of course, to learn the exact cause, you’ll need to see an allergist, who can help you pinpoint your allergen and help you manage your allergies. In parts of the United States, spring allergies start in February and continue bothering allergy sufferers until the early summer. What causes these allergic reactions, and what can you do to feel better?
Spring allergies are often caused by pollen. Tree pollination starts early, followed by grass pollination, then ragweed. In warmer areas, though, grass may pollinate throughout the year. What’s more, when the winter is mild, plants can pollinate early, and rain in the spring can promote rapid plant growth. Worse, all that rain can increase mold that can last until fall, causing those allergic to mold to suffer miserably. Considering moving to another part of the country to avoid allergens? Don’t bother, because allergens are everywhere.
Even if you think you know what you’re allergic to, you may not really know. Eleven different types of tree pollen can trigger allergies in the spring, and you’re likely to encounter mold both indoors and outdoors. If you swim, chlorine can contribute to your allergies, and if you camp, the campfire and bug bites can cause allergic reactions. When holidays like Valentine’s Day, Easter, and Mother’s Day roll around, you may find yourself having a reaction to something in the candy so prevalent on those holidays.
Seasonal allergies can cause congestion, sneezing, a runny nose, and itchy, watery eyes, but they can also go hand in hand with asthma. That’s because the same substances that trigger your allergies can cause asthma symptoms. When this happens, it’s called allergic asthma or allergy-induced asthma. Allergic responses occur when proteins in the immune system mistakenly identify something harmless as an invader. It then releases chemicals to fight the allergen, and sometimes this leads to asthma symptoms. There are many treatments that work for either allergies or asthma, but some treatments can help with both conditions at once. For example, a leukotriene modifier is a daily pill that helps control immune system chemicals, and allergy shots can help your immune system adjust to allergens that trigger asthma.
Short of seeing an allergist, what can you do to get your allergies and asthma under control? Pay attention to mold and pollen counts, and limit your outdoor activity when counts are high. Keep your doors and windows shut during allergy season, and take a shower, wash your hair, and change your clothes after you’ve been outside. If you’re mowing the lawn or doing other chores, wear a NIOSH-rated 95 filter mask. You can also try over the counter medications to control your allergy symptoms.
In truth, it’s better to go ahead and see an allergist. Not only can a board-certified allergist identify exactly what’s causing your symptoms, but he or she can also prescribe allergen immunotherapy, or allergy immunotherapy in 3 forms, drops, injections and tablets. Immunotherapy doesn’t just alleviate the symptoms of allergies and asthma; it actually modifies your disease and makes you less allergic.
When you enlist the help of an experienced, board-certified allergist, you can be confident that your doctor will help you find the solutions you need to manage your allergies. At Allergy & Asthma Specialists SM, all of our physicians are board-certified in allergy and immunology and can help you identify triggers and learn to control your symptoms. Call 610-825-5800 or visit the website for an appointment, or to learn more about our available services.