Getting the Facts About Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is also known as eczema, and it is a common skin disorder in children and adults. The condition can be diagnosed and managed by an allergist or allergy doctor who specializes in eczema treatment. Here are some important facts about the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for atopic dermatitis.

Causes of Atopic Dermatitis

Allergy doctors do not know the exact cause of atopic dermatitis. When your skin is healthy, it can retain moisture, protecting you from infection from bacteria, irritants, and allergens. A factor that significantly increases your risk of developing eczema is having dry, irritated skin that is unable to serve as a healthy barrier. AD often affects people who suffer from asthma and/or hay fever or who have family members who have these conditions. Other risk factors include a genetic predisposition, the presence of certain bacteria on the skin, and specific environmental conditions.

Common Symptoms

The symptoms of eczema vary from person to person. The most common symptoms are intense itching, and skin that is covered in small bumps. The skin will also often be dry, scaly, red, swollen, and sensitive from excessive scratching. Small patches of skin on the hands, wrists, behind the elbow, feet, ankles, behind the knee, neck, upper chest, and eyelids may appear red or brownish-gray. Babies are much more susceptible to skin irritations on the face and scalp. Most people develop symptoms of atopic dermatitis before they’re five years old. The symptoms continue into adolescence and adulthood.

Eczema Treatment Options

A board certified allergy doctor can provide a variety of effective eczema treatment options to you. The most common forms of eczema treatment are medications like topical creams, oral antibiotics and anti-itch medications, and oral or injected anti-inflammatory medications. The allergist will also help determine your triggers for eczema.

If you are suffering from eczema, schedule an appointment with Allergy & Asthma Specialists. We have offices in Philadelphia, Blue Bell, Jenkintown, Doylestown, King of Prussia, Lansdale, Collegeville, and Pottstown. To schedule an appointment with an allergy specialist at one of our many convenient locations, call us today at 1(800)86-COUGH, option 2.