Question: If you are allergic to peanuts, are you also allergic to tree nuts such as walnuts, almonds, pecans and cashews?
Answer: Peanuts are legumes (beans), not tree nuts. Most often, you are allergic to one or the other, but usually not both. In some cases, you can be allergic to both tree nuts and peanuts.
Question: Is strict avoidance of the food allergen the only way to prevent a reaction?
Answer: Yes. However, Allergy & Asthma Specialists offers peanut sublingual immunotherapy. Peanut extract drops are placed under the tongue to decrease the risk of serious reaction with accidental exposure to peanuts.
Question: How soon after exposure to a food allergen do symptoms appear?
Answer: Symptoms appear within a few minutes to one-and-a-half hours after exposure. A second wave of symptoms can start 2 to 4 hours later called the late phase reaction.
Question: How much food does it take to cause an allergic reaction?
Answer: The smallest amount of food can cause an allergic reaction. In some cases, highly allergic individuals just simply need to touch or be around the food to have an allergic reaction. This is the reason airlines had to stop serving peanuts in flight.
Question: Should an epinephrine auto-injector be carried by everyone who has a food allergy?
Answer: Yes. Epinephrine is the only medication that can stop a serious or life threatening allergic reaction.
Question: What should someone do after they have been injected with epinephrine in response to an allergic reaction?
Answer: Go to the Emergency Room immediately for further evaluation. Call 911 if necessary.